Archive for July, 2011

Duchess of Cambridge opens Buckingham Palace exhibition with Her Majesty

Posted by Jessica Jewett 1 Comment »


Remember watching the royal wedding in your pajamas on April 29? Well, now you can get up close and personal with the bridal items worn and used by the new Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge.

American explanation:
Every summer, Her Majesty opens Buckingham Palace for tourist season with the annual summer exhibition. The exhibitions are usually different every year. This summer, we are lucky enough to have items from the royal wedding on display. It’s like going to a museum and paying extra to see a special temporary but utterly epic exhibit, such as when I went to see the Egyptian exhibit, the Titanic exhibit, the Lincoln exhibit, etc., at various museums. My favorite exhibition was when the Louvre loaned a lot of things to the High Museum of Art here in Atlanta. I geeked out for about a year after the exhibition ended. It was that epic. The Duchess’ wedding things in an exhibition is making my head explode too.

Back to the goodies:
Today, the Duchess gave Her Majesty a private tour of the exhibition and then they will (or they might have already) open the exhibition to the public this afternoon. For about $30 (that’s about average for any special exhibition here), tourists can have their tour of Buckingham Palace and see the Duchess’ wedding items on display in the ballroom where her wedding reception was held. In addition to her stunning wedding dress, you will also be up close and personal with her silk veil, the diamond Halo tiara, the earrings that were a gift from her parents, the shoes, a replica of her bridal bouquet, and the royal wedding cake. The wedding dress, veil and tiara are not even in a display case, which is interesting, because they wanted the public to be able to really look at the intricate detail work.

There appears to be a little bit of a tense moment, however, as the Queen came close to the dress and was heard to tell the Duchess that it was “horrible” and “horrid” that the mannequin had no head. As you will see in the pictures, the wedding clothes are displayed in the center of the ballroom on a circular platform with ghostly lighting illuminating a Kate-sized mannequin with the tiara and veil suspended over a headless body. It does look a little bit ghoulish and foreboding. The Duchess, eager to diffuse the situation, responded lightly that the display gives the dress a “3-D effect”. Good thinking, Kate! Still, I side with the Queen. It looks a little ghoulish to me, as if memorializing a woman who has not died.

The Royal Collections website describes the dress: “The design shows the influence of Victorian dress in details such as the cinched in waist, the padded hips and the bustle at the top of the train. The dress also looks to the aesthetic of the Arts and Crafts movement with the dress’s emphasis on hand-crafted detail. These historic references are blended with a modern cut in a modern fabric – satin gazar.”

It continues to the veil: “The veil is made of fine silk tulle which is embroidered with lace around its outer edge. The lace appliqué was designed by Sarah Burton and embroidered by the Royal School of Needlework. The veil was designed to fall between the panels of appliquéd lace on the train of the dress and its shape echoes the arches at the top of the train.”

Additionally, the shoes: “The shoes were made at Alexander McQueen and are covered in the same ivory satin gazar as the dress, which is applied with the same lace appliqué as the dress and veil.”

And her earrings: “The earrings were commissioned by Mr and Mrs Michael Middleton for their daughter on the occasion of her marriage to Prince William. The earrings were made by the London jewellers Robinson Pelham. Their design is derived from the acorn and oak leaves which form part of the Middleton family coat of arms and they were also designed to complement the ‘Halo’ tiara which The Duchess wore on the day of the wedding. The earrings are made of 18 carat white gold and diamonds in the form of a curled diamond set oak leaf top and a pear-shaped diamond set drop with a central articulated pave set diamond acorn.”

Something borrowed: “The Duchess of Cambridge’s veil was held in place by the diamond ‘Halo’ tiara, which was made by Cartier in 1936 and purchased by The Duke of York (later King George VI) for The Duchess of York (later Queen Elizabeth). The tiara is formed as a band of 16 graduated scrolls set with 739 brilliants and 149 baton diamonds. The tiara was presented to Princess Elizabeth (now The Queen) by her mother on the occasion of her 18th birthday. The tiara was lent by The Queen to The Duchess of Cambridge for the occasion of her wedding.”

Replica flowers: “Made specially for the exhibition is a replica of the bouquet carried by The Duchess of Cambridge at the wedding which was made by the florist Shane Connolly. In keeping with other elements of the wedding including the dress, the cake and the floral scheme both at Westminster Abbey and at Buckingham Palace, the bouquet draws upon the tradition of the language of flowers.”

Yummy: “The royal wedding cake for Their Royal Highness’s The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge was made by the Leicestershire bakery Fiona Cairns.”

Can’t hop on a plane and pop in on Buckingham Palace? Fear not! I have collected the best pictures of the special exhibition for you. Put on your fanny packs, tourists. Here we go!

The Duchess and the Queen arrive at the exhibition.
The Duchess and the Queen looking at the dress. The Queen thought the headless mannequin was “horrible”.
Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge wore this dress on her wedding day.
A profile view of the Duchess’ wedding dress, veil and tiara.
Detailed view of the gorgeous lace along the waist of the Duchess’ wedding dress.
The Halo tiara lent to the Duchess by the Queen for her wedding.
The Halo tiara displayed with the Duchess’ veil on the headless mannequin.
The Duchess’ acorn and oak leaf earrings worn on her wedding day.
The handmade shoes the Duchess wore to her wedding. She is a size 5 1/2!
A replica of the Duchess’ wedding bouquet.
Most of the wedding cake is original! Top two tiers were saved for the christening of the first child.

Here you can see where the Duke and Duchess cut the cake.

Isn’t it all gorgeous? Who’s coming to London with me?!

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Hauntings of commercial airlines

Posted by Jessica Jewett 4 Comments »


The McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 on the left looked like any other aircraft found in the skies in the 1960s. Except this plane would become the infamous Allegheny Airlines flight 853 that crashed en route from Boston to St. Louis in 1969. It collided midair with a Piper PA-28, killing over 80 people. There were no survivors and it was the worst air crash in history up until that time. The aircraft were both destroyed by the collision and ground impact to the point where no single body was left whole. It became clear in the recovery efforts that not everything was going to be found, so the decision was made to bring in dirt to, in effect, bury the entire crash site and prevent the spread of disease from rotting body parts. Time passed and the crash faded into memory but the people who were killed that September day lingered.

I first became interested in the Allegheny Airlines flight 853 crash when I watched a segment about it on the show My Ghost Story. Two paranormal investigators went to the crash site in Indiana numerous times, which is just a field with a mound where the wreckage and body parts were buried, in hopes of communicating with anyone who might have been left behind. The piece of evidence that grabbed my attention the most was when a female investigator theorizes something to the effect of, “Maybe he doesn’t know he’s dead,” and a male whispering voice replies, “Did we crash?” I find this interesting because this is a classic case of what some of us call Sudden Death Syndrome, which means if your death is quick and unexpected, you might get shoved out of your body so fast that you’re not aware of it. This is a very common phenomena among soldiers who were killed and haunt the battlefields where they died. The investigators also claim to have communicated with a female flight attendant who was supposed to get married not long after the flight, by use of dousing rods. They have also claimed to have communicated with a male crash victim who refuses to move on because he’s terrified of going up (toward what he thinks is heaven) only to fall to the earth again. It appeared from the wreckage that the Allegheny crash was virtually instantaneous. A severed hand was found holding a card as if the crash interrupted a card game. A paper was also found with the word “dear” and then an R with a sharp line as if the crash interrupted a few words to a loved one. Most of the 82 victims are probably not aware that they have been killed.

Looking into the Allegheny crash got me curious about other paranormal activity associated with aircraft. A lot of the stories appear to be urban legend to me, meaning there are three or four stories that jump from airline to airline with no real origin, but there are some interesting things as well. As I dug through various aviation forums, I saw more than one employee from more than one airline say that they are unofficially not allowed to talk about anything paranormal associated with their jobs and airlines will fire them if they do. What’s interesting, though, is that they are talking about it anonymously. I have also found that airline employees are very efficient, skeptical, intelligent and credible, so when they say, “This is what happened….” I find it believable, especially if they could get in trouble for telling the stories. I tried to find conclusions as to why there are paranormal things happening on aircraft and I found one common thread through all of it. Wreckage from plane crashes are salvaged and fitted out on other aircraft still in use or being built at the time in order to save resources. So you have pieces of aircraft that absorbed the violence of the crash and the massive expenditure of terrified energy from dozens or hundreds of passengers dying simultaneously being used on other aircraft. That is one of many ways to cause a haunting.

The most infamous case of an aircraft haunting caused by recycled parts from crashes was that of Eastern Airlines Flight 401. Eastern Air Lines Flight 401 was a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar 1 jet that crashed into the Florida Everglades on the night of December 29, 1972, causing 101 fatalities (77 initial crash survivors, two died shortly afterward). The crash was a result of the flight crew’s failure to recognize a deactivation of the autopilot during their attempt to troubleshoot a malfunction of the landing gear position indicator system. It is believed that fatigue and poor crew resource management (CRM) contributed to the accident. As a result, the flight gradually lost altitude while the flight crew was preoccupied and eventually crashed. It was the first crash of a wide-body aircraft and, at the time, the deadliest in the United States.

After the crash, salvaged parts from the L-1011 were installed in another L-1011 plane (the N318EA) as well as a few other planes and sightings of crew members began from there. Specific sightings of Captain Bob Loft and Second Officer Don Repo (pictured at right) became so common that even skeptics began to believe it. Repo in particular was often seen in the cockpit and the galley where flight attendants prepared meals for passengers. He was an unusually solid-looking apparition and was always very concerned about flight safety, for obvious reasons. All L-1011 planes were thought to be looked after and protected by him. As for Captain Loft, I found this story: “Loft’s ghost was also seen on various flights, usually sitting in first class or in the crew’s cabin. A stewardess once confronted Loft, asking what he was doing on the plane as she had not seen him board and could not identify him on the passenger manifest. Receiving no reply, she reported it to her flight captain. He walked back with her and recognized Loft, who disappeared immediately in front of a dozen people.”

The sightings were all reported to the Flight Safety Foundation (an independent authority) which commented: “The reports were given by experienced and trustworthy pilots and crew. We consider them significant.”

That type of haunting is a couple of men who were at fault for the crash, knew they were at fault moments before impact (flight recordings reflect this), and the guilt of what happened is keeping them attached to the plane parts. The sightings frightened so many Eastern Airlines employees that the airline was forced to deal with the situation by trying to put a lid on it, suggesting that the employees seek psychiatric help at the airline’s expense. Officially, the airline never believed the encounters with Repo and Loft, but it should be noted that every single flight 401 salvaged part was removed from the airline’s fleet of aircraft. Interesting reaction from an airline that told their employees to get psychiatric help, isn’t it?

I wanted to post an anonymous story that I collected from an aviation forum where a lot of airline employees chatter amongst themselves. Like this person, I wondered if the 401 stories were true because of how infamous they were but if this person really met someone who personally witnessed it, then others have too.

Everybody has their take on 401, including me. Personally, I thought it was one of the most overhyped, dramatized, nonsense components of aviation folklore that has ever appeared. That impression had been mostly maintained until about two years ago, when an interesting part of this story happened to enter my ear via a most unexpected place.

While working on the line several years ago for a different airline than I do now, I had the pleasure of meeting an older employee by the name of Jessica who worked in our operations division. Although having not worked with her day in and out, my impression and the impression of several of my peers was that of a very competent, professional, focused person. She had no time for nonsense, would call people on theirs, and even less patience for those who did not do their own weight, so to speak. If you saw her during the course of your paperwork, you could quite literally be guaranteed that signaled a positive change in moving things in the right direction.

When a snowstorm brought ATL to its knees in January of ’02, many crews, including myself, were stuck in ops waiting for a definitive answer as to whether or not we would be getting a green light or getting our entire trip canceled. Jessica happened to be there, and we began small talk about a number of things to pass the time. During the course of conversation, we were talking about more of the absurd things that have happened in aviation, like say running out of deicer fluid or having runoff tanks that get full with rainwater in them.  About twenty minutes later, she happened to mention she worked for Eastern Airlines, and had seen more than a few interesting events in her time.

Much like the poster above, I sarcastically asked her “So, got any ghost stories from 401 to tell”, and after getting a chuckle out and expecting the same, she smiled, turned her head down, and started off with “Well…”.

For about two minutes and with little exaggeration, a group of professionals around her, including myself, turned into the proverbial kids around the bonfire. Straight faced, without pause, and without joking, Jessica recounted when she was working with EA having started out a aircraft cleaner in Atlanta who worked the overnight shift in the early 1980s. She explained that one of their tasks would be to clean the aircraft in the Maintenance base and gates overnighting, which included L-1011s. She had said many of her coworkers would use that shift to pretty much take naps for the majority of that time ( I had spoken to a family member who used to work for them on another matter separately before this who verified they were indeed notorious for that) but said she was raised that if you are paid to do a job, you do the job, and would actually do it, and that most certainly fit Jessica to a T.

During one of those overnight shifts in the summer, Jessica said she had boarded an L-1011 (I believe she had said it was indeed the ubiquitous 318 but don’t quote me on it) and began cleaning the aircraft along with the crew to which she was assigned. Upon entering the lower galley area of the aircraft to clean it, she noticed immediately was that its was cold to the point of nearly frigid, and couldn’t figure out how in the world that could be considering this was Atlanta, and in the middle of a summer night no less. Jessica began cleaning the galley, as well as a cleaning of the ovens that she described in detail, though I don’t remember it in exacting specifics. Upon glancing into the reflection of one of the galley oven glass doors she saw the reflection of a person behind her in uniform and looked back for the person who she had not expected to see there. She didn’t see anyone, looked back into the glass, saw the reflection again, and, mildly paraphrasing, moved like lightning and bolted off to her crew lead. Afraid he would think she was crazy, but not caring, she asked him “What the hell was that???” “What the hell was what?” her lead asked. She told him what she had seen. “Oh yeah, that, you’ll see that from time to time.” Jessica was so dumbfounded from the response she got from her lead that she began asking around to other crews when getting the chance. She got the whole story on the 401 parts thereafter, and said she never went into another L-1011’s galley because of that happening.

Maybe you’d have to know Jessica, and I’m certainly not saying that the other things surrounding 401 were legitimate, but let’s just say that is one time more than a few people were wandering about, and not doubtfully.

Pictured at left is American Airlines Flight 191 banked completely sideways moments before it crashed in May of 1979. The DC-10 aircraft was scheduled to make a nonstop flight from Chicago to Los Angeles that day, but upon takeoff, part of the port engine pylon fell away from the aircraft and a “white vapor” emanated from the area. As it rose, the entire engine and pylon tore loose from its mounting, flipped up and over the wing and crashed down onto the runway. The tower asked if 191 wanted to come back but there was no reply. Instead, the plane climbed to 300 feet and then banked left slowly at first, then quite sharply until the wings were vertical. At that point, the plane literally fell from the sky and exploded in a massive fireball. Two people were killed on the ground and all 271 passengers and crew members were killed instantly.

The strange activity began within hours of the crash as residents in the neighboring mobile home community reported hearing knocking and rapping on their doors and windows. Many of these residents were retired police and firemen who said no one was there when they answered the doors and looked out the windows. This continued for weeks and months and even escalated to the point that doorknobs were being turned and rattled, footsteps were heard approaching the trailers, clanging on the metal stairs, and on some occasions, actual figures were confronted. According to some reports, a few residents opened their doors to find a worried figure who stated that he “had to get his luggage” or “had to make a connection” standing on their porch. The figure then turned and vanished into the darkness. Within a few months of the tragic crash, people on the roads near the crash site began calling the Chicago police to report strange white lights bobbing up and down in the field. People thought they were souvenir hunters but the police always found the field deserted and silent.

From a paranormal website:

The tragedy, and the strange events that followed, caused many of the residents to move out of the park but when new arrivals took their place, they too began to report the weird happenings. A fairly recent sighting was described by a man who was walking his dog one night near the area where Flight 191 went down. He was approached by a young man who explained that he needed to make an emergency telephone call. The man with his dog looked at this person curiously for he seemed to reek of gasoline and also appeared to be smoldering. At first, he just assumed the man had been running on this chilly night and steam was coming from his clothing, but when he turned away to point out a nearby phone and then turned back again — the man had vanished! The man with the dog had heard stories from other local residents about moans and weird cries emanating from the 1979 crash site but he never believed them until now. He was now convinced that he had encountered one of the restless passengers from Flight 191 for himself!

And he’s likely not the only one, for the stories of weird knockings, inexplicable sounds and even apparitions continue to this day. One long-standing incident, which is often repeated, comes from the terminal at O’Hare itself. According to travelers, many have purported to see a man making a telephone call from a booth that is located close to the departure gate that was used by Flight 191. Those who have seen him say that is quite normal-looking, except for the fact that his business attire seems oddly out of date. He allegedly steps away from the telephone booth, manages a few steps and then vanishes into thin air. Is he one of the doomed passengers from Flight 191 — or another phantom altogether?

There are smatterings of other stories told by airline employees in aviation forums. Most of the stories involve passengers who have died while on flights. I also noticed that there have been quite a few stories of engineers lingering around planes they worked on a lot, as well as flight attendants who frequented certain planes more than others. The stories are not limited to Americans either. There are stories from airlines all over the world, suggesting that there is something legitimate happening with paranormal activity surrounding air travel. It’s not surprising if you think about it. Aside from tragic and horrifying crashes, people expend a lot of emotions when they travel. The expenditure and heightening of emotions leave behind energy that can easily become active hauntings if the conditions are right.

Think about all of the flights you have taken in your life. Have you ever experienced anything a little out of the ordinary?

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Apple Frazes: an 18th century recipe

Posted by Jessica Jewett 1 Comment »

>I like to collect old recipes prior to 1900. I’m talking like 1600s-1800s. Old cooking back when we used wood stoves and open hearths. I especially have a weakness for old desserts because they rely more on natural flavors rather than loading everything down with a ton of sugar and artificial flavors. Desserts were not so painfully sweet in history.

I have been wanting to make this one for a while. I believe this recipe came from 1747 in a book called The Art of Cookery, made Plain and Easy by Hannah Glasse. It’s sort of like fried apples but the batter seems to be more like pancake batter based on my research. I can’t find a modern equivalent of this lovely little dessert, but then again, I’m not a professional! I think it looks something like the picture below but I’m not sure that’s entirely right. Below that, you’ll find the recipe.

Apple Frazes

Cut your apples in thick slices, and fry them of a fine light brown; take them up and lay them to drain. Keep them as whole as you can and either pare them or let them alone; then make a batter as follows: take five eggs leaving out two whites, beat them up with cream and flour, and a little sack, make it a thickness of pancake batter, pour in a little melted butter, nutmeg, and a little sugar; let your butter be hot and drop in your fritters, and on everyone lay a slice of apple, and then more batter on them; fry them of a fine light brown, take them up and strew some double refined sugar all over them.

As you can see, old recipes don’t really have measurements. That’s because most housewives didn’t really have a standard measuring system. You would often see measurements like “a teacup”, which quite literally meant a teacup full of that particular ingredient, but the problem was all teacups were different sizes and shapes. Measurements like we use in cooking now did not become standard until the twentieth century. Women cooked every day, multiple times a day back then, so they were skilled enough to decipher a recipe like this as it was intended to be and make it their own.

What do you think? Are you skilled enough to cook as your foremothers did?

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